# Recent Activity

## Extremal $4$-Neighbour Bootstrap Percolation in the Hypercube ★★

Author(s): Morrison; Noel

Problem   Determine the smallest percolating set for the -neighbour bootstrap process in the hypercube.

## Saturation in the Hypercube ★★

Author(s): Morrison; Noel; Scott

Question   What is the saturation number of cycles of length in the -dimensional hypercube?

Keywords: cycles; hypercube; minimum saturation; saturation

## Cycles in Graphs of Large Chromatic Number ★★

Author(s): Brewster; McGuinness; Moore; Noel

Conjecture   If , then contains at least cycles of length .

Keywords: chromatic number; cycles

## The Double Cap Conjecture ★★

Author(s): Kalai

Conjecture   The largest measure of a Lebesgue measurable subset of the unit sphere of containing no pair of orthogonal vectors is attained by two open caps of geodesic radius around the north and south poles.

## Circular flow numbers of $r$-graphs ★★

Author(s): Steffen

A nowhere-zero -flow on is an orientation of together with a function from the edge set of into the real numbers such that , for all , and .

A -regular graph is a -graph if for every with odd.

Conjecture   Let be an integer. If is a -graph, then .

Keywords: flow conjectures; nowhere-zero flows

## Circular flow number of regular class 1 graphs ★★

Author(s): Steffen

A nowhere-zero -flow on is an orientation of together with a function from the edge set of into the real numbers such that , for all , and . The circular flow number of is inf has a nowhere-zero -flow , and it is denoted by .

A graph with maximum vertex degree is a class 1 graph if its edge chromatic number is .

Conjecture   Let be an integer and a -regular graph. If is a class 1 graph, then .

## Chromatic number of associahedron ★★

Author(s): Fabila-Monroy; Flores-Penaloza; Huemer; Hurtado; Urrutia; Wood

Conjecture   Associahedra have unbounded chromatic number.

## Are there infinite number of Mersenne Primes? ★★★★

Author(s):

Conjecture   A Mersenne prime is a Mersenne number that is prime.

Are there infinite number of Mersenne Primes?

Keywords: Mersenne number; Mersenne prime

## Are all Mersenne Numbers with prime exponent square-free? ★★★

Author(s):

Conjecture   Are all Mersenne Numbers with prime exponent Square free?

Keywords: Mersenne number

## What are hyperfuncoids isomorphic to? ★★

Author(s): Porton

Let be an indexed family of sets.

Products are for .

Hyperfuncoids are filters on the lattice of all finite unions of products.

Problem   Is a bijection from hyperfuncoids to:
\item prestaroids on ; \item staroids on ; \item completary staroids on ?

If yes, is defining the inverse bijection? If not, characterize the image of the function defined on .

Consider also the variant of this problem with the set replaced with the set of complements of elements of the set .

Keywords: hyperfuncoids; multidimensional

## Another conjecture about reloids and funcoids ★★

Author(s): Porton

Definition for reloid .
Conjecture for every funcoid .

Note: it is known that (see below mentioned online article).

Keywords:

## Inequality for square summable complex series ★★

Author(s): Retkes

Conjecture   For all the following inequality holds Keywords: Inequality

## One-way functions exist ★★★★

Author(s):

Conjecture   One-way functions exist.

Keywords: one way function

## Graceful Tree Conjecture ★★★

Author(s):

Conjecture   All trees are graceful

Keywords: combinatorics; graceful labeling

## 3-Colourability of Arrangements of Great Circles ★★

Consider a set of great circles on a sphere with no three circles meeting at a point. The arrangement graph of has a vertex for each intersection point, and an edge for each arc directly connecting two intersection points. So this arrangement graph is 4-regular and planar.

Conjecture   Every arrangement graph of a set of great circles is -colourable.

Keywords: arrangement graph; graph coloring

## Chromatic Number of Common Graphs ★★

Author(s): Hatami; Hladký; Kráľ; Norine; Razborov

Question   Do common graphs have bounded chromatic number?

Keywords: common graph

## Erdős–Straus conjecture ★★

Author(s): Erdos; Straus

Conjecture

For all , there exist positive integers , , such that .

Keywords: Egyptian fraction

## The 3n+1 conjecture ★★★

Author(s): Collatz

Conjecture   Let if is odd and if is even. Let . Assume we start with some number and repeatedly take the of the current number. Prove that no matter what the initial number is we eventually reach .

Keywords: integer sequence

Author(s): Kawarabayashi; Mohar

Conjecture   Every -minor-free graph is -list-colourable for some constant .

Keywords: Hadwiger conjecture; list colouring; minors

## Lucas Numbers Modulo m ★★

Author(s):

Conjecture   The sequence {L(n) mod m}, where L(n) are the Lucas numbers, contains a complete residue system modulo m if and only if m is one of the following: 2, 4, 6, 7, 14, 3^k, k >=1.

Keywords: Lucas numbers