# Beneš, Václav E.

## Beneš Conjecture (graph-theoretic form) ★★★

Author(s): Beneš

**Problem ()**Find a sufficient condition for a straight -stage graph to be rearrangeable. In particular, what about a straight uniform graph?

**Conjecture ()**Let be a simple regular ordered -stage graph. Suppose that the graph is externally connected, for some . Then the graph is rearrangeable.

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## Beneš Conjecture ★★★

Author(s): Beneš

Given a partition of a finite set , *stabilizer* of , denoted , is the group formed by all permutations of preserving each block in .

**Problem ()**Find a sufficient condition for a sequence of partitions of to be

*universal*, i.e. to yield the following decomposition of the symmetric group on : In particular, what about the sequence , where is a permutation of ?

**Conjecture (Beneš)**Let be a uniform partition of and be a permutation of such that . Suppose that the set is transitive, for some integer . Then

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## Shuffle-Exchange Conjecture ★★★

Author(s): Beneš; Folklore; Stone

Given integers , let be the smallest integer such that the symmetric group on the set of all words of length over a -letter alphabet can be generated as ( times), where is the *shuffle permutation* defined by , and is the *exchange group* consisting of all permutations in preserving the first letters in the words.

**Problem (SE)**Evaluate .

**Conjecture (SE)**, for all .

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## Shuffle-Exchange Conjecture (graph-theoretic form) ★★★

Author(s): Beneš; Folklore; Stone

Given integers , the *2-stage Shuffle-Exchange graph/network*, denoted , is the simple -regular bipartite graph with the ordered pair of linearly labeled parts and , where , such that vertices and are adjacent if and only if (see Fig.1).

Given integers , the *-stage Shuffle-Exchange graph/network*, denoted , is the proper (i.e., respecting all the orders) concatenation of identical copies of (see Fig.1).

Let be the smallest integer such that the graph is rearrangeable.

**Problem**Find .

**Conjecture**.

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