# Saturation in the Hypercube

 Importance: Medium ✭✭
 Author(s): Morrison, Natasha Noel, Jonathan A. Scott, Alex
 Subject: Combinatorics
 Keywords: cycles hypercube minimum saturation saturation
 Posted by: Jon Noel on: September 20th, 2015
Question   What is the saturation number of cycles of length in the -dimensional hypercube?

Let and be graphs. Say that a spanning subgraph of is -saturated if contains no copy of but contains a copy of for every edge . Let denote the minimum number of edges in a -saturated graph. Saturation was introduced by Erdős, Hajnal and Moon [EHM] who proved the following:

Theorem  (Erdős, Hajnal and Moon)   For we have .

Let denote the -dimensional hypercube. Saturation of -cycles in the hypercube has been studied by Choi and Guan [CG] who proved that . This was drastically improved by Johnson and Pinto [JP] to . The saturation number for longer cycles in the hypercube is not known, though. The question above addresses this.

Another open problem is to determine the saturation number of sub-hypercubes in . This was first considered by Johnson and Pinto [JP] who proved that for fixed and . This upper bound was improved to by Morrison, Noel and Scott [MNS]. The best known lower bound on for fixed and large , also due to [MNS], is .

Problem   Improve the upper and lower bounds on for fixed and large .

The results of [MNS] show that for fixed . Howver, the precise asymptotic behaviour of this quantity is unknown.

Question  (Morrison, Noel and Scott)   For fixed , is it true that converges as ?

## Bibliography

[CG] S. Choi and P. Guan, Minimum critical squarefree subgraph of a hypercube, Proceedings of the Thirty-Ninth Southeastern International Conference on Combinatorics, Graph Theory and Computing, vol. 189, 2008, pp. 57–64.

[EHM] P. Erdős, A. Hajnal, and J. W. Moon, A problem in graph theory, Amer. Math. Monthly 71 (1964), 1107–1110.

[JP] J. R. Johnson and T. Pinto, Saturated subgraphs of the hypercube, arXiv:1406.1766v1, preprint, June 2014.

[MNS] N. Morrison, J. A. Noel and A. Scott, Saturation in the Hypercube and Bootstrap Percolation, arXiv:1408.5488v2, June 2015.

* indicates original appearance(s) of problem.