homomorphism


Algorithm for graph homomorphisms ★★

Author(s): Fomin; Heggernes; Kratsch

Question  

Is there an algorithm that decides, for input graphs $ G $ and $ H $, whether there exists a homomorphism from $ G $ to $ H $ in time $ O(c^{|V(G)|+|V(H)|}) $ for some constant $ c $?

Keywords: algorithm; Exponential-time algorithm; homomorphism

Hedetniemi's Conjecture ★★★

Author(s): Hedetniemi

Conjecture   If $ G,H $ are simple finite graphs, then $ \chi(G \times H) = \min \{ \chi(G), \chi(H) \} $.

Here $ G \times H $ is the tensor product (also called the direct or categorical product) of $ G $ and $ H $.

Keywords: categorical product; coloring; homomorphism; tensor product

Weak pentagon problem ★★

Author(s): Samal

Conjecture   If $ G $ is a cubic graph not containing a triangle, then it is possible to color the edges of $ G $ by five colors, so that the complement of every color class is a bipartite graph.

Keywords: Clebsch graph; cut-continuous mapping; edge-coloring; homomorphism; pentagon

Mapping planar graphs to odd cycles ★★★

Author(s): Jaeger

Conjecture   Every planar graph of girth $ \ge 4k $ has a homomorphism to $ C_{2k+1} $.

Keywords: girth; homomorphism; planar graph

Pentagon problem ★★★

Author(s): Nesetril

Question   Let $ G $ be a 3-regular graph that contains no cycle of length shorter than $ g $. Is it true that for large enough~$ g $ there is a homomorphism $ G \to C_5 $?

Keywords: cubic; homomorphism

A homomorphism problem for flows ★★

Author(s): DeVos

Conjecture   Let $ M,M' $ be abelian groups and let $ B \subseteq M $ and $ B' \subseteq M' $ satisfy $ B=-B $ and $ B' = -B' $. If there is a homomorphism from $ Cayley(M,B) $ to $ Cayley(M',B') $, then every graph with a B-flow has a B'-flow.

Keywords: homomorphism; nowhere-zero flow; tension

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